Most pain medicines have the potential for harm, with little or no benefit over placebo, in the setting of non-specific low back pain.
While stretching is widely performed by players around the world there is very little evidence regarding its efficacy. In recent years there has been considerable debate about the relative merits of static vs. dynamic stretching. This study suggests that stretching, of any type, has no impact on short-term measures of performance.
The results of a recent (relatively small) meta-analysis have suggested that early surgical treatment results in lower rates of re-dislocation, and better outcome scores, when compared with physiotherapy.
An international panel of football medicine experts have defined criteria that can be used to help guide a successful return to play following hamstring injuries. It is hoped that by following these criteria we may be able to reduce the risk of injury recurrence.
Early rehabilitation following an acute muscle injury (usually involving the hamstring, quadriceps or calf in a football context) is more effective than delaying treatment.
Saline knee injections can be an effective treatment for articular cartilage injuries in the knee.
Hamstring injuries remain a significant time loss injury. While intramuscular tendon injuries have been reported to be associated with a very poor prognosis they may not be as concerning as previously thought.
While players and staff in professional football teams are keen to try to prevent injuries, there is a limited understanding about what works and how to implement prevention programmes.
There is currently no evidence showing that heading a football has a negative impact on long-term cognitive function and brain health.