Shoulder

Shoulder

The shoulder is one of the less common locations for injuries to football players. While shoulder problems represent less than 3% of all injuries, their impact on a player’s career can be very significant. As a result, these injuries are well known and widely publicised. Common sporting injuries of the shoulder include dislocations and labral [...]
Cervical spine

Cervical spine

The cervical spine is the most mobile segment of the spine and is predisposed to complaints brought about by wear-and-tear phenomena. Scientific studies show that around one third of the adult population suffers from neck problems, even though these problems do not always require treatment. Pain may be related to the cervical discs, zygoapophyseal and [...]
Hand and Wrist

Hand and Wrist

Hand and finger injuries comprise up to half of all sporting injuries presenting for treatment in the general population and are quite common in football. They require accurate diagnosis and treatment to avoid long-term dysfunction, which can be debilitating. Football goalkeepers represent a challenging subgroup as they may have higher rates of hand and finger [...]
The Younger Athlete

The Younger Athlete

Children and adolescents are not simply small adults. There are important anatomical differences in the structure of growing bone when compared with adult bone. This difference is responsible for most of the differences in injury characteristics seen between these groups. The most significant differences between musculoskeletal injuries in children and adults are due to the [...]
Dental

Dental

Dental and orofacial injuries can occur in football and are of particular concern because, unlike lacerations or fractures, they will not “heal”. They often require an artificial or prosthetic replacement (filling, crown, implant or denture) on a permanent basis. Dental injuries can also be expensive. The lifetime cost of an avulsed tooth in a teenage [...]
Elbow Injuries

Elbow Injuries

The elbow joint is one of the most stable articulations in the body. There are three separate articulations: the ulno-trochlear (hinge), radio-capitellar (rotation) and the proximal radio-ulnar (rotation) joints. The close connection of these joints results in the high range of motion seen at the elbow with regard to extension and flexion as well as [...]
Female Athlete

Female Athlete

Since the first FIFA Women’s World Cup was held in 1991 there has been a significant increase in the number of women playing football and women’s football is currently one of the fastest growing sports in the world. In 2007, according the Big Count survey, there were 26 million girls and women playing football in [...]
Referee

Referee

The last official FIFA survey (“Big Count 2006”) revealed that there were approximately 900,000 registered referees and assistant referees worldwide – across all levels of football. Of these, about 90% are male and 10% female. There are currently also around 3,400 registered international referees wearing FIFA badges. This section will provide an overview of the [...]
Disability Football

Disability Football

Approximately 20% of the global population is living with some form of disability (WHO), with this definition covering a wide range of individuals with a diverse range of conditions (including co-morbidities). 1 Football can be an enjoyable sport for those living with disability. While many may be able to participate in mainstream football, others are [...]
Lumbar Spine

Lumbar Spine

Lumbar spine (L-Spine) injuries in football are quite rare with an incidence of 6%. While the rate of injury is relatively low, 36% of players complain about low back pain. This makes back pain almost as common as thigh problems (40%) and even more common than hip and groin pain (24%).1 Spine injuries and chronic [...]