0 out of 14 steps completed0%
14 Lessons

FIFA has zero tolerance to doping and is committed to ensuring that football is clean. FIFA wants to uphold the values of fair play, to protect the health of players and the image of the sport as well as comply with the domestic laws of the host country during the transportation of medical supplies across borders. In football, approximately 30,000 tests are conducted annually with only 0.3% of them being positive cases. More than 85% of these cases are due to ingestion of supplements tainted with banned substances or party drugs. Steroids and hormones form approximately 0.04% of all positive cases. There is no evidence of systematic doping in football. The fight against doping in football has been a collective effort and this impressive outcome is achieved through education, controls, surveillance and policing with the collaboration of players, officials, member associations and WADA.

Presented by

Learning outcomes

By the end of this course you should:

  • have an understanding of the history of anti-doping in football;
  • understand and recognise the significance of the WADA Code and banned substances list;
  • be able to identify when a Therapeutic Use Exemption is required;
  • be able to successfully apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption – including a retrospective exemption;
  • understand the FIFA doping control process;
  • be able to implement a doping education programme, including education, with the athletes you work with.


  • Watch/listen to the 11-slide talk and review the provided text
  • Read Chapter 2.7 (pages 143-149) of the F-MARC Football Medicine Manual, 2nd Edition
  • Review the FIFA Anti-Doping Regulations
  • Complete the case-based assessment task

Suggested Reading

Brukner & Khan’s

Clinical Sports Medicine – 4th Edition

Chapter 66 (pages 1228-1260)


  1. Dvořák J, Saugy M, Pitsiladis YP. Challenges and threats to implementing the fight against doping in sport. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(10):807-809.
  2. Dvořák J, McCrory P, D’Hooghe M, Saugy M. The FIFA/F-MARC update on doping. Br J Sports Med. 2006;40 Suppl 1:i2.
  3. Vernec AR. The athlete biological passport: An integral element of innovative strategies in anti-doping. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(10):817-819.
  4. Saugy M, Robinson N, Grimm K, Dvořák J. Future of the fight against doping: Risk assessment, biological profiling and intelligence testing. Forensic Sci Int. 2011;213(1-3):1-2.
  5. Maughan RJ, Greenhaff PL, Hespel P. Dietary supplements for athletes: Emerging trends and recurring themes. J Sports Sci. 2011;29 Suppl 1:S57-66.
  6. Pipe A, Ayotte C. Nutritional supplements and doping. Clin J Sport Med. 2002;12(4):245-249.
  7. Geyer H, Parr MK, Mareck U, Reinhart U, Schrader Y, Schanzer W. Analysis of non-hormonal nutritional supplements for anabolic-androgenic steroids – results of an international study. Int J Sports Med. 2004;25(2):124-129.