Sesamoid fracture

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Case
This 28 year old recreational football player presented following an acute injury to his forefoot. He describes feeling sudden and severe pain as he went to push off to sprint. This was on a background of several months of plantar forefoot pain. On examination he walked with a limp, was unable to hop or toe raise and had exquisite tenderness over the lateral sesamoid.

Findings
The x-ray image demonstrates an irregular, un-corticated radiolucency separating the lateral sesamoid into two components. There is diffuse low T1 and high PD/T2 signal oedema throughout the lateral sesamoid on the MR images. There is fluid separating the two components of the lateral sesamoid. Appearances favour a fracture of the lateral sesamoid.

Discussion
Sesamoid problems can be very difficult to treat. This player was managed initially with an orthotic (with a medial post and cut out for the first ray) in a walking boot. He wore this for a six week period. At this point his symptoms had improved but not resolved. He then spent a further six weeks in a supportive sports shoe and the orthotic. At five month follow-up he remained symptomatic – however is much better. At this point he did not want to consider more invasive options (including an injection or surgical treatment) and is going to continue to manage this with time and observation.

The medial and lateral sesamoid bones act as pulleys for the flexor hallicus brevis (FHB) tendons and stabilize the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Sesamoid fractures are uncommon, and may be mistaken for a simply bipartate sesamoid. Bipartate sesamoids are common having been reported to be present in up to 30% of people. The radiographic appearance in this case suggests fracture, as the fracture fragments are not corticated along the fracture line. It may also be helpful to note that bipartate sesamoids are more common at the medial sesamoid, and therefore a bipartate lateral sesamoid should raise the level of suspicion in equivocal cases. The medial sesamoid is also more likely to be the cause of pain as it is larger and more impacted by weight-bearing.

Important notice
FIFA does not bear any responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any information provided in the “Radiology Review” features and cannot be held liable with regard to the information provided or any acts or omissions occurring on the basis of this information.

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Bangoura
29 agosto 2018 19:02

Fracture aiguie(trauma axiai du à une chutte)
A la mâle de courte

Bangoura
29 agosto 2018 13:22

Les lésions sesamoides se définissent comme étant un os dans l entre d un muscle ou d un tendon. Les types de lésions 1 SESAMOIDITE inflammation due à une charge chronique. 2FRACTURE DE STRESS Apparaît après une activité prolongee(marathon) 3FRACTURE AIGUË trauma axial du aune courte. 4 ARTHROSE arthrose du gros orteil Les sesamoides sont situés au dessus de la tête du 1er metatarssien evec ou sans inflammation ou fracture le diagnostique est habituellement clinique Sans fracture le traitement repose souvent sur la modification des chaussures et des semelles orthopédiques des infiltration de corticoides et des anesthésistes locaux. des antalgiques.… Read more »