One of the initial goals of the physical examination is to decide whether the patient has a lateral ligament injury or a more significant injury that may require immobilisation or referral to an orthopaedic surgeon to consider surgical management.

How to examine the ankle of an injured athlete.

The anterior draw and talar tilt tests are of very limited value in the acute setting. They can be very useful in the setting or more chronic ankle instability.

Dr Pieter D'Hooghe

Orthopaedic Surgeon