The risk of contracting a blood-borne pathogen during sport is very low

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This FastFact highlights an American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) position statement on blood-borne pathogens in sport.1. In football, the Laws of the Game require any player who is bleeding (or has contaminated clothing or equipment) to be removed from the field of play. While this is clearly a sensible rule, and this practice should be encouraged, the overall risk of disease transmission during sport appears extremely low.

This position statement provides clear, practical and evidence-based advice about blood-borne pathogens (BBPs) including HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis D virus (HDV as they relate to sports participation.

In general, the available evidence suggests that the prevalence of BBPs among athletes is similar to that of the general population, suggesting that participating in sport does not increase the risk of contracting this type of condition. One study estimated the risk of HIV transmission in American Football, which involves a much higher risk of bleeding than football, at 1 per 85 million game contacts. High-risk behaviours outside of sport, such as unprotected sex and the sharing of injection-related equipment, is likely to be the most common route of transmission among players.

The authors of this position statement highlight the potential to further reduce the risk of disease transmission by implementing simple preventative measures, like FIFA’s blood rule outlined above. Adopting basic hygiene and standard precautions, including the use of personal protective equipment, adequate decontamination of soiled equipment and the removal of bleeding players, should be mandatory.

To learn more about infectious diseases read the full paper in the CJSM or complete the “infectious diseases” module in the FIFA Diploma in Football Medicine.

Reference
1.McGrew C, MacCallum D-S, Narducci D et al. AMSSM Position Statement Update: Blood-Borne Pathogens in the Context of Sports Participation. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: July 2020 30 (4) pgs 283-290 doi: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000000738

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Bangoura
Bangoura
27 July 2020 17:13

EFFECTIVEMENT CE RISQUE EST TRES FAIBLE DANS LA MESURE OU LES JOUEURS SONT PROTEGES
LORSQUI IL YA HEMORRAGIE AUSSI MINIME SOIT TELLE L ARBITRE EXIGE QUE LE JOUEUR SOIT MIS HORS DU TERRAIN POUR DES SOINS JUSQU A L ARRET COMPLET DU SAIGNEMENT.
DANS LES CAS DE FRACTURE OUVERTE OU DE LESIONS MUSCULAIRES ENTRAINANT UNE GRANDE HEMORRAGIE DE LA PART DES JOUEURS SOUFFRANT DE MALADIES VIRALES OU BACTERIENNES OU LA CONTAGION EST D ORIGINE HEMATOGENE DE BONNES DISPOSITIONS DOIVENT ETRE PRISES PAR LE SERVICE MEDICAL DU STADE POUR EVITER LA PROPAGATION8 PAR LES CONTACTS DIRECTS.

Sajid kadhim Jalil
28 July 2020 15:12

جميل جدا معلومات قيمة

Ahmed Magdy Mohmed hsanin
30 July 2020 5:18

تابع قناتى على اليوتيوب و فيها كل ما يخص الاعداد البدنى و المهارى فى كرة القدم
https://m.youtube.com/channel/UCf6o9d3ZVzej4sJu8pT1cGQ?fbclid=IwAR0717c1mpQ4KiTXtohZ6U2uD9r6iKk2xShKiBLyROM9j8kAwYah4QMalxg

Bangoura
Bangoura
28 July 2020 16:11

LIRE DE BONNES DISPOSITIONS DOIVENT ETRE PRISE PAR L EQUIPE MEDICALE DU STADE POUR EMPECHER LA PROPAGATION APRES UNE EFFUSION DE SANG DUR LE GAZON

Mohamed
13 September 2020 10:33

I think the any move must to be stab by stab with The risk of contracting a blood-borne pathogen during sport is very low